Carbon Capture and Storage: A Step Towards A Sustainable Future
Since the start of the industrial era, greenhouse emissions have been contributing to climate change. An increase in the concentration of greenhouse gases leads to a warming effect, which further contributes to worsening the climate change phenomena.
A successful CCS project can capture the Co2 released because of the burning of fossil fuels at the source, hence reducing or eliminating the release of the greenhouse gas in the environment. The idea is to intercept pollutants between the point at which they are emitted and the point they are absorbed into the atmosphere. This Co2 then undergoes carbon sequestration. Carbon sequestration is the process of absorbing and storing carbon dioxide over a lengthy period. This act prevents it from entering the atmosphere and contributing to climate change.
CCS facilities at present have the capacity to capture over 40 million metric tons of carbon dioxide each year. Big players in the energy generation industry are using carbon capture technology to play their part in reducing climate change. The good news is that the CCS projects can capture up to +90% of carbon dioxide when implemented effectively.
When we say that we want to tackle climate change, it doesn’t necessarily require eliminating fossil fuel as an energy source as a whole. Fossil fuels are still the biggest energy source that is helping us live. We must find a way to generate energy from fossil fuels and eliminate the greenhouse effect at the same time. Carbon capture and storage technology do the same.
CCS in combination with Bioenergy
Bioenergy with carbon capture and storage or BECCS is a mitigation technology that has shown results of negative emissions during the energy generation process. Negative emissions mean that there is a permanent removal of any Co2 emissions in the atmosphere. This is an improvement from other technologies that only reduce the number of emissions released.
Net-zero and negative emissions
When combined with bioenergy, CCS has the capability of making negative emissions possible. The long-term value of CCS projects is only going to rise in the future as the race to net-zero emissions picks up pace. This will also compensate for the emissions of sectors that are harder or more expensive to control. The energy generation sector is the biggest contributor to the greenhouse effect. Decarbonizing the carbon effect of emissions is important if we want to live sustainable lives. Using CCS technology can bring down the overall cost of energy sector decarbonization.
Carbon capture and storage technology are capable of reducing and even eliminating greenhouse emissions from the atmosphere. This technology is the only viable way of doing so. Large-scale burning of fossil fuels to meet the energy demand can be harmful to the environment if we do nothing regarding the harmful byproducts of that process. Though expensive, CCS has the potential to reduce the harm industrialization does to our environment. Technologies like CCS hold great importance because we cannot destroy the environment we are living in to feed our energy needs.